Wills, DNR's, Attorneys
A type of document in which a person describes their wishes regarding future medical treatment options is they are in a condition in which they are unable to communicate their wishes directly. It can also be referred to as "health care declaration," "directive to physicians," or "medical directive." The objective of this document is to guide doctors and family members regarding how aggressive future medical treatments should be.
Medical Power of Attorney
A legal document, which is used to appoint another person to make medical treatment decisions if they are unable to communicate their wishes directly. The appointed person is usually referred to as surrogate, health care agent, or proxy.
Is a term used to describe either a living will or medical powers of attorney. Such documents allow the person to communicate their future medical treatment decisions through either a legal document or another person if they are unable to communicate them directly. The use of these documents varies depending on state law.
Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) Order
This order must be a legal document written by a physician instructing health care providers not to attempt resuscitation if a person would face cardiac or respiratory arrest. A legal DNR order would prevent the person from receiving CPR under such conditions. Such document must be signed by a physician to be considered valid.